Thanks for the comments on dye density !
Because the dye was largely freshwater being poured into brackish saltwater it tended to float on surface.
We observed three general dye dispersion patterns from the tests:
The tidal currents were outgoing when we ran the tests, and were a major variable in how fast the dye patterns spread.
At the First Street Dentons Spring site we noted that the dye went much further out into the Canal than at the Second Avenue Conservancy wetlands site. Both sites are now being affected by the much higher permanent currents from the Flushing Tunnel, which is artificially pumping over a quarter million gallons per day of East River Water into the Gowanus Canal.
Think of the Gowanus Canal not just as a homogeneous pint of vanilla ice cream, but as a swirly mix of chocolate and vanilla, or water currents of different strengths and patterns. (Yum ?)(http://blogs.villagevoice.com/forkintheroad/2014/07/ample_hills_gowanus_location_is_now_open.php)
Where and how these currents function affects how sediments are deposited in the bottom of the Canal, and how the Canal's natural tendency to revert to a shallow tidal wetland will function.
Map showing historical reconstruction of stream outflows (Vechte's Brook and Denton's Spring) we were studying:
The implications for the Superfund ecosystem restoration discussion is that the edge of the 2nd Ave Salt lot, because of current strengths, may only support a narrow strip of mud flats necessary for natural wetland regrowth. The First Street Basin area, because of the bend at Carroll Street causing eddies, will support wider wetland mudflats.
The end of the Fourth Stream basin seemed to be the most promising, showing a tendency for dye to drift northwards, meaning the shoreline of the Whole Food's Park will be more prone to the natural resedimentation that is conducive to tidal wetlands emergence.
27 September 2014 Balloon aerial showing wetland mudbanks naturally reemerging on southern edge of the Whole Foods site:
The main problem which the red dye test showed was that the strength of Vechte's Brook's fresh water flow is too anemic to have a substantial impact on the Fourth Street Basin's stagnant's water quality. Based on putting an ear to the ground, listening for the sound of streams through storm grates, the bulk of the Vechte's Brook is speculated to be diverted into the 4th Avenue combined sewer at 2nd Street.
The Fourth Street Basin site provides a unique opportunity to restore a historical stream that played a critical role in the 1776 Battle of Brooklyn, and provide a safe Greenway walk to school for local school children currently having to cross Third Avenue.
Our food dye testing is not the first time the restoration of the landfilled Fourth and Fifth Street Basin and a more natural stormwater management and stream restoration has been discussed:
(an 1885 article referring to Fourth Avenue and Carroll Street flooding)
"These houses are built on low ground, and the kindness of the contractor in making a public dump of the vacant lot in front of them has so arranged matters that the rain water from the lot in question and also from the property between there and Third avenue flood into them. When it rains, they are flooded, and the surface drains become a nuisance instead of a help, the drains are so elevated that the ends of the perimeter are actually lower than the ends of the street.
Connection with the canal which is only sixty or a hundred feet away, would remove all the trouble."
9 May 1885
A TOUR THROUGH THE THIRD DISTRICT
Some Objectionable Italian Tenements and Pestilential Dumping Grounds
THE CONDITION OF BROOKLYN'S STREETS AND HOUSES.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle,
You can explore the topic of Lost Rivers and urban stream restoration further here:
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