# Workshop XI: How can we affect change?

by mimiss | 13 Apr 15:41

This lesson is part of a series of lessons designed for educators to facilitate student-led inquiry around environmental topics. If there are time constraints, this lesson can be split into two at the Elaborate portion of the lesson.

You can access this lesson plan as a Google Doc here.

## Overview

Time: 90 minutes

Materials:

Guiding Question: How can we affect change?

Objective: Students evaluate their solutions from the last lesson and make plans to share their knowledge. To wrap the project, students will participate in a retrospective.

## Engage

Time: 20 minutes

Optimizing the Design Solution

Students will continue through the engineering design process by iterating on their projects. Looking back at their constraints and criteria worksheet, students should pull their top 5 criteria and constraints, and write them along the y axis of a graph. Along the X axis, students should label 1 to 10. Their graph should look something like:

Now, students will take the solutions they've proposed at the end of the last lesson and rank them for each criterion/constraint, with higher numbers being associated with the more positive state of the criteria/constraint. They will then total the scores to help them determine the solution that is the best fit given the criteria and constraints. This work may look something like: ## Explore

Time 25 minutes

Redesign

Using the rankings generated above, students will choose one element of their best fit design to improve in this new iteration. When deciding which criteria or constraint to improve upon, students must take their limited time and resources into consideration. For example, students working on solution one below might want to improve fragility since it's the lowest score, but they can more quickly cut down on expense and may choose to go that route.

## Explain

Time 10 minutes

Storytelling

Write up your design (photos, steps to a plan, instructions for use) and share with the class.

## Elaborate

** 15 Minutes**

Students will gather their materials into a single document guide. They have already created:

• Some background information/relevance
• Project Plan
• Materials List
• Data sheets (blank)
• Steps for Analysis
• Design solution

Students should post this guide to Public Lab so that others can learn from their projects or apply them to their own local issues.

## Evaluate

20 minutes

Retrospective

Students should have time to reflect on the following questions for the entire project (all four phases):

• What went well?
• What did not go well?
• What would you do differently if you were to repeat this process?

If time permits, students should post this as an update to Public Lab.

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