Spectrometry
spectrometry

The Public Lab spectrometry project is an open source community effort to develop low-cost spectrometers for a range of purposes. All open spectrometry hardware and software efforts are welcome here! **Join in by:** * Learning [what spectrometry is](#Whats+spectrometry) * Reading about goals and [asking great questions](#Frequently+Asked+Questions) * Building a basic spectrometer using [one of our starter kits](#Starter+Kits) * Trying (and critiquing) our [community-made how-to guides](#Activities) and posting your own * Building on others’ work; hack and remix the kits to refine and expand them * [Share your upgrades](#Upgrades) for others to try -- and perhaps for inclusion in an upcoming starter kit release or add-on kit **** ## Starter Kits Public Lab’s Kits initiative offers several starter kits, including many of the basic components, and instructions for constructing a basic visible light spectrometer. The point of the kits is to provide a shared reference design for building experimental setups onto. Lego Spectrometer Kit Our most recent kit, incorporating community improvements while balancing low cost and ease of construction. Choose between webcam and Raspberry Pi camera versions and build attachments width standard Lego connectors. Build one Buy one Papercraft Spectrometry Intro Kit A $9 paper spectrometer which you can attach to a smartphone or webcam. It’s made of paper to reduce cost and complexity, and is mainly intended as an “introductory” or educational kit. The flat design can be printed on a laser printer or photocopied to make more. Build one Buy one **** ## Activities This is a list of community-generated guides for specific applications using your spectrometry setup (either a [starter kit](#Starter+Kits) or a [modded design](#Upgrades)). These [activities can be categorized](https://publiclab.org/wiki/activity-categories), and some may be more reproduced -- or reproducible -- than others. Try them out to build your skills, and help improve them by leaving comments. Together, we can repeat and refine the activities into experiments. > **Note:** If you are working on an **urgent issue** such as a threat to your or someone else’s health, please know that these techniques may not be ready for your use; it's possible that they never will be. [Read more here](/notes/gretchengehrke/09-29-2016/common-low-cost-technique-limitations) ### Activity grid [activities:spectrometry] **** ## Upgrades Have you added to your starter kit, improved it, or redesigned it? Show others how to take it to the next level by posting a build guide here: [upgrades:spectrometry] Add your upgrade guide here Request or propose an upgrade _Mods should include a parts list and a step-by-step construction guide with photo documentation. See an example._ **** ## Challenges We're working to refine and improve DIY spectrometry on a number of fronts; here, take a look at the leading challenges we're hoping to solve, and post your own. For now, we're using the Q&A feature, so just click "Ask a question" to post your own challenge. Be sure to add: * constraints: expense, complexity * goals: performance, use cases [questions:spectrometry-challenge] **** ## Builds There’s a lot going on in open source spectrometry -- if you’ve developed another open source design you’d like to show others how to construct, post it here! * [RamanPi](https://hackaday.io/project/1279-ramanpi-raman-spectrometer) * [Hackteria “drop”-style spectrometers](https://publiclab.org/notes/gaudi/04-03-2014/diy-micro-volume-spectrophotometer) / [DIY NanoDrop on Hackteria.org](http://hackteria.org/wiki/index.php/DIY_NanoDrop) * _Add yours here_ ##What's spectrometry? Colored light is often a blend of different colors. A spectrometer is a device which splits those colors apart, like a prism, and measures the strength of each color. A typical output of a spectrometer looks like this spectrum of the daytime sky, with the actual light spectrum at the top and the graph of wavelength (horizontal axis, in nanometers of wavelength) and intensity (vertical axis) below: [![sky.png](https://i.publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/005/455/original/sky.png)](https://spectralworkbench.org/analyze/spectrum/19882) > Needed: overview of spectra, calibration, units, comparison, and fluorescence/absorption. Please edit this page or link to a resource, potentially [the Wikipedia page](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectroscopy), although that's quite full of technical jargon. ## Software Spectral data can be analyzed with https://spectralworkbench.org to create spectra plots, find centers of emissions plots, and find similar spectra. Data also can be exported in various formats (JSON, CSV, XML) for further analysis and visualization. ## How does this compare to a lab instrument? The [Desktop Spectrometry Starter Kit](/wiki/desktop-spectrometry-kit-3-0) is only one part in an experimental setup, and the following shows where it fits in an overall diagram of a lab spectrometric setup: [![tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_101601_2-79757779.jpg](https://publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/018/635/large/tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_101601_2-79757779.jpg)](https://publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/018/635/original/tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_101601_2-79757779.jpg) [![tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_095939_2-108076392.jpg](https://publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/018/636/large/tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_095939_2-108076392.jpg)](https://publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/018/636/original/tmp_31873-IMG_20161027_095939_2-108076392.jpg) There are many, many different types of spectrometry and spectrometers -- many don’t even measure light. Even among those that do, some detect light in the ultraviolet range, and others in the infrared range of light. The range of Public Lab spectrometers depends on the range of the commercially available cameras we attach them to (~400-700 nanometer wavelengths). A commercially available product with a slightly wider range (from 335 to 1000 nanometers) is [available from Cole Parmer](http://www.coleparmer.com/Product/Cole_Parmer_Visible_spectrophotometer_335_to_1000_nm_wavelength_range_analog_output/UX-83055-10). **** ## Frequently Asked Questions [questions:spectrometry] Note our previous Frequently Asked Questions page, which [can be found here »](/wiki/spectrometer-faq) -- please help port these into the new system, here!...


Author Comment Last activity Moderation
Ag8n "Error here. It should not be objective c, as noted above. It should be some plastics are showing higher extractables than bulk water. Something..." | Read more » 23 days ago
Ag8n "Getting a hold of the USP used to be difficult and expensive. While current USP may still be expensive, here is a source for older versions. "Pha..." | Read more » 23 days ago
Ag8n "USP/BP/EP means United States Pharmacopoeia,BP is British Pharmacopoeia, and EP is European Pharmacopoeia. Sections of the USP are divided into mo..." | Read more » 23 days ago
Ag8n "The CO2 produced can be measured several ways. Each method has advantages and disadvantages and depends on the final use of the instrument. For exa..." | Read more » 23 days ago
Ag8n "If you want an overview of TOC, Wikipedia is a good start. The current article seems pretty thorough ( dated 19 July 2022 by 75.143.92.215). Any c..." | Read more » 23 days ago
Ag8n "Previous methods could be somewhat hazardous. To give an example, ammonia related chemicals often work their way into drug compounds. It can be f..." | Read more » about 1 month ago
Ag8n "Going back over this. We did a lot of work with total organic carbon (TOC). According to Dr. Paul Whitehead at egalabwater.com (the blog title is..." | Read more » about 1 month ago
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irganga "A tip is to put the DVD on a pan with water and boil it for 5 to 10 minutes. It would be easier to separate the layers with a knife. " | Read more » about 2 months ago
Keemna "super article " | Read more » 2 months ago
smyckeskrin "i don't understand your question " | Read more » 3 months ago
Ag8n "It looks like a single beam instrument was used for this work. With a double beam instrument, there is no need for phrases like "OD435/OD415". Th..." | Read more » 3 months ago
Ag8n " Lichen1.docx Hopefully, this will attach. " | Read more » 4 months ago
Ag8n "In this area, lichens aren't common. Attached is a rough draft using lawn clippings to set up and test using various instruments. Don't know how ..." | Read more » 4 months ago
Ag8n "The tungsten lamp remarks only apply to the 660 nm red lines. " | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "Best bet- use an old fashioned tungsten lamp. Not a LED claiming to be a tungsten lamp. An LED has a narrow bandwidth. An old fashioned tungsten..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "Looking into the 660 nm lines. It's not that LEDs don't exist for 425 nm region. They do. But the ones in the catalogs seemed expensive. Going ..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "There are 3 in 1 flashlights ( blue, white, and red) that would be good for this application- as long as the color was more like purple instead of ..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "If you are using the public lab spectrometer, a light source for around 400 nm is needed. It looks like there are some blue or violet led bulbs/ f..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "A test of this method might be to use lawn clippings and run it through the procedure. The idea is to extract chlorophyll, which should be presen..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "Another, more current option , is to use a coffee grinder. With the temperature issues this material shows, probably using the frozen state would ..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "As for the mortar and pestle, there are many options. Some mortar and pestles are very expensive, but they don't have to be. They should be easy t..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "Was checking one of the online vendors. Found new centrifuges for $70. Industrial quality centrifuge costs were much higher, but who knows. If y..." | Read more » 5 months ago
Ag8n "Ok. Trying to stay as close to duplicate the original paper as closely as possible. R.la cera isn't in this area. But other closely related liche..." | Read more » 5 months ago